March 26, 2024 5 min read

Dog training is a fundamental aspect of responsible pet ownership, facilitating communication and understanding between dogs and their owners. Effective training strengthens the bond between a pet and its owner, promotes good behavior, and prevents potential behavioral issues. 

In this article, we'll explore seven different types of dog training methodologies to help you better understand the options available and choose the approach that best suits your dog's needs and your training goals. From positive reinforcement to relationship-based training, each method offers distinct benefits and techniques to foster a well-behaved and happy canine companion. 

What Are Seven Different Types of Dog Training?

Whether you're a first-time dog owner or looking to refine your training techniques, understanding the various approaches to dog training can empower you to create a positive and rewarding training experience for you and your dog. 

Here are seven dog training types to consider:

1. Positive Reinforcement Training

Positive reinforcement training is a highly effective and humane approach to teaching dogs desired behaviors by rewarding them for performing those behaviors. This method uses praise, treats, toys, or other rewards to encourage and reinforce desired actions while ignoring or redirecting unwanted behaviors. 

The key principle behind positive reinforcement is to create a positive association between the desired behavior and the reward, making the behavior more likely to be repeated. Unlike punishment-based methods, positive reinforcement training emphasizes rewards to motivate and encourage dogs, promoting a trusting and cooperative relationship between the dog and its owner. 

With consistency, patience, and clear communication, positive reinforcement training can help dogs learn new skills, improve obedience, and develop good behavior habits while strengthening the bond between the dog and its owner.

2. Clicker Training

Clicker training is a popular and effective method that utilizes a small handheld device called a clicker to mark desired behaviors in dogs. The clicker emits a distinct clicking sound, which serves as a precise and consistent signal to communicate to the dog that they have performed the desired behavior correctly. 

Clicker training works on classical conditioning, where the clicker's sound becomes associated with receiving a reward, such as a treat or praise. This method allows for clear and immediate communication between the trainer and the dog, making it easier for the dog to understand which behaviors are being rewarded. 

3. Relationship-Based

Relationship-based training focuses on building a strong bond and mutual trust between the dog and its owner. This approach emphasizes understanding the dog's individual needs, communication styles, and motivations, fostering a deep connection based on mutual respect and cooperation. 

Relationship-based training encourages owners to prioritize positive interactions, clear communication, and empathy toward their dogs, creating a supportive and nurturing learning environment. By nurturing a positive relationship built on trust and understanding, owners can effectively teach their dogs new skills, address behavioral issues, and strengthen the bond between them. 

Relationship-based training encourages collaboration and partnership between the dog and its owner, resulting in a harmonious and fulfilling relationship that extends beyond training sessions.

4. Behavioral Training

Behavioral training focuses on modifying a dog's behavior to address specific issues or challenges, such as aggression, anxiety, or excessive barking. This approach uses positive reinforcement techniques to encourage desirable behaviors while addressing and redirecting unwanted behaviors in a humane and effective manner. 

One important aspect of behavioral training is potty training, which involves teaching a dog to eliminate in appropriate areas, such as outdoors or in an indoor smart dog potty such as BrilliantPad. 

BrilliantPad is an integral part of the fastest way to potty train a puppy and is incredibly hygienic, as it automatically replaces soiled pads with clean ones, eliminating the need for manual cleanup and reducing odor and mess. 

If they incorporate BrilliantPad into their potty training routine, owners can effectively teach their dogs proper elimination habits while minimizing accidents and promoting cleanliness in the home. 

Behavioral training addresses other issues such as leash pulling, jumping, or chewing, using positive reinforcement techniques to encourage alternative behaviors and reinforce good habits. 

5. Obedience Training

Obedience training focuses on teaching dogs basic commands and manners to promote good behavior and ensure safety in various situations. This training emphasizes consistent communication, positive reinforcement, and clear expectations to help dogs understand and respond to commands reliably. 

Basic obedience commands such as sit, stay, come, and heel are essential for managing and controlling a dog's behavior at home and in public settings. Obedience training also helps strengthen the bond between the dog and its owner, fostering trust, respect, and cooperation. 

Through structured training sessions and consistent practice, owners can teach their dog obedience skills that enhance their overall quality of life and promote harmonious interactions between dogs, their human companions, and other dogs.

6. Leash Training

Leash training is an essential aspect of dog ownership that focuses on teaching dogs to walk calmly and obediently on a leash. This type of training is crucial for both the dog's safety and the owner's control during walks and outings. 

Leash training emphasizes teaching dogs to walk politely without pulling, lunging, or becoming overly excited while on a leash. The goal is to establish loose leash walking, where the dog walks beside or slightly behind the owner in a relaxed manner. 

Leash training involves positive reinforcement techniques, such as rewarding the dog for walking calmly on a loose leash and redirecting undesirable behaviors with gentle corrections or cues. 

Consistency, patience, and clear communication are key components of successful leash training. By gradually introducing the leash in a positive and controlled manner, practicing loose leash walking in different environments, and rewarding desired behaviors, owners can help their dogs become polite and well-mannered walking companions. 

7. Agility Training 

Agility training is a dynamic and stimulating form of dog training that involves navigating obstacle courses designed to test a dog's agility, speed, and coordination. This type of training provides physical and mental stimulation for dogs while enhancing their bond with their owners. 

Agility training involves teaching dogs to maneuver through obstacles such as tunnels, jumps, weave poles, and seesaws using cues and commands from their handlers. It promotes teamwork, confidence, and problem-solving skills in both dogs and owners as they work together to complete the course. 

Wrapping Up

Understanding the various types of dog training methodologies empowers owners to choose the approach that best suits their dog's needs and training goals. From positive reinforcement and clicker training to relationship-based and behavioral training, each method offers unique benefits and techniques for fostering a well-behaved and happy canine companion. 

Incorporating BrilliantPad into potty training routines can streamline the process, promoting cleanliness and convenience for owners and their dogs. When you prioritize positive reinforcement and clear communication, you can effectively teach your dogs new skills, address behavioral issues, and strengthen the bond between them. 

Remember, training is an ongoing process that requires patience, consistency, and dedication, but the rewards of a well-trained and well-behaved dog are immeasurable. Enjoy the process, and don’t forget to celebrate the achievements as you and your dog embark on a fulfilling training journey together.


Positive reinforcement – training with rewards | Dogs Trust

Positive Reinforcement Dog Training: The Science Behind Operant Conditionin | American Kennel Club

Basic Obedience Training For Puppies: Where to Start | American Kennel Club

How to Train a Dog or Puppy to Walk on a Leash | American Kennel Club